Basic First Aid

30 Minutes | All | Indoors

A brief introduction to basic First Aid for those who have never undertaken any first aid training or those who just want a quick refresher



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Basic First Aid

30 Minutes | All | Indoors

  • Computer or smart device
  • Note pad
  • Pen or pencil

  1. This activity has been created as an introduction/brief refresher to basic first aid. On completion this does not give you any formal qualifications. If you wish to know more or wish to complete a more formal qualification then speak to your leader
  2. DR ABC stands for Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing and Circulation
  3. We will cover each of these areas and think of it as a checklist if you were approaching a potential casualty
  4. Danger:
    a) When approaching a scene look high and low
    b) Take your time to approach a casualty ensuring that you are not going to put yourself in danger if you were to approach someone you feel is in danger
    c) If it is too dangerous to approach, then ensure you seek professional emergency services help by dialing 999
  5. Response:
    a) Shout out to the casualty to see if they respond
    b) If they do not respond keep shouting to them whilst you approach them, ensure you approach their feet first if possible
    c) If still no response from your verbal attempts, then you tap and wiggle their feet to see if they respond
    d) If there is still no response tap and wiggle their shoulders whilst verbally asking if they can hear you
  6. COVID-19 Cautions:
    a) If you are not comfortable getting any closer at this stage due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, then you do not have to
    b) Seek further medical advice by dialling 999 if you feel that there is an immediate threat to life
  7. Airway:
    a) If there is no response at all then proceed to check their airway
    b) Place your thump on their chin and push down to try and open their mouth to look and see if there are any obvious obstructions in their mouth
  8. Breathing:
    a) If there are no airway obstructions in their mouth, then check their breathing by ensuring that the casualty is flat on their back
    b) Place two fingers under their chin and tilt their head back
    c) Place your ear just over the casualty’s mouth whilst you look down their body
    d) You are checking to see if you can hear/feel breath on your ear
    e) You are also visually looking at their chest to see if it is rising or falling
  9. Circulation:
    a) If they are breathing, then place the casualty in the recovery position
    b) See activity attachment or Lifesaver App on how to put somebody in the recovery position
    c) Check for any obvious injuries/blood loss
    d) Dial 999 if there is an immediate threat to life
  10. Cuts:
    a) Firstly, assess how severe the injury
    For example, if you can see bone in the cut then professional medical treatment would be required
    b) If you feel that the cut is not sever enough to require professional medical treatment, then first wash the wound with clean running water
    c) Get a dressing from your first aid kit and wrap it around the cut ensuring that there is a decent amount of pressure directly on to the cut
    d) When tying the dressing ensure the knot is directly on top of the cut
    e) Once tied ensure that there is sufficient refill on surrounding body
    For example, if you are treating a cut on the finger, apply pressure to the exposed fingertip, you will see it lose colour, then let go of the finger and you should see the colour return to the fingertip
    f) If colour does not return, then you have tied the dressing too tight and you must re-tie it with less pressure
    g) If the casualty bleeds through the dressing, then you can re-apply a new dressing
    h) If they bleed through 2 dressings in 10 minutes, then seek professional medical treatment via a minor injuries department or A&E
  11. Breaks:
    a) If you suspect that the casualty has broken a bone, then there isn’t a lot a first aider can do
    b) Ensure you keep the casualty warm and calm to prevent them going into shock
    c) Transport the casualty via a car if you can get them in to the car safely
    d) If not dial 999 for professional medical assistance
    e) If the casualty has an open break (a break where bone has pierced through the skin) dial 999 as soon as possible
    f) Cover the wound to ensure the casualty cannot visibly see it
    g) Keep the casualty warm and calm as best you can whilst ensuring that they keep as still as possible
    h) Do your best to reassure them and wait for professional medical personnel to arrive
  12. Head Injuries:
    a) When dealing with a casualty with a head injury/suspected head injury there are key things to look out for
    b) If they have had any of the following, then dial 999:
    - Loss of consciousness
    - Loss of memory
    - Confusion
    - Clear liquid coming from ears or any area of the head
    c) If you are unsure how severe the injury is then dial 999
    d) Keep the casualty as calm as possible
    e) If the casualty’s symptoms get worse then seek professional medical help
  13. CPR:
    a) Download the CPR sheet on how to perform CPR
    b) Or you can learn how to perform CPR on the Lifesaver App
    c) Please note that curing the COVID-19 pandemic the current advice is to not perform rescue breaths and just do chest compressions
  14. Choking:
    a) If you suspect someone is choking firstly ask them if they are choking
    b) If they can verbally respond, then they are not choking as the airway is not fully blocked
    c) If they cannot verbally respond, then they are choking
    d) Ask them to try and cough first to see if that clears the obstruction
    e) If coughing does not work, then perform back slaps
    - Get the casualty to lean forward
    - You back slap by getting the heel of your hand and hitting them on the back between the shoulder blades
    - After each back slap see if the obstruction has cleared
    - Perform a maximum of 5 back slaps
    f) If after 5 back slaps, then obstruction still hasn’t cleared then perform abdominal thrusts
    - To perform abdominal thrusts, you stand behind the casualty and make a fist with one of your hands and place in front of the casualty
    - Get your other hand and wrap it over your clenched fist, then locate the soft area on the casualty directly under the rib cage
    - Stand slightly to the side of the casualty to prevent your heads clashing should the casualty throw their head back
    - Get the casualty to lean slightly forward then thrust inwards and upwards with your hands in to the casualty
    - Check after each abdominal thrust to see if the obstruction has cleared
    - Keep performing abdominal thrusts until the obstruction has cleared
    - If after 5 abdominal thrusts, it still hasn’t cleared then dial 999

  • Always remain aware of your surroundings and follow local COVID-19 advice, including the Hands / Face / Space / Ventilation guidance.
  • If you’re meeting online, check out the advice on using Zoom and other popular digital platforms and the guidance on being safe online.
  • To help others do activities safely over Zoom, check out the example risk assessments and remember to make sure those taking part understand any care that needs to be applied.

Basic First Aid completes requirements for the following badges

Staged - Emergency Aid